♣ Social enterprises

"♣": Estrategias específicas empleadas por los estudios de caso para incrementar su nivel de auto-sustentabilidad.Pueden estar en inglés o español. Por favor usa el traductor del menú lateral 

"♣": Specific strategies used by the case studies to increase their degree of self-sustainability.They might be in English or in Spanish. Please use the side menu translator
  • Obviously, this scheme benefits everyone because of the contribution it makes to reduce the environmental impact. Moreover, it benefits:

• GreenPrice, because it generates profits as a company that allows it to ensure the financial sustainability of the project — unlike if they were constituted as a non-governmental organization.

• Customers, because it allows them to access products that would otherwise be out of their reach, while contributing, in principle, to solving the ethical and environmental problems that GreenPrice addresses. Here it is important to mention that the niche population of the project are middle-class citizens, especially adults. Firstly, because the civil organizations that collect and redistribute food waste in Hong Kong — from restaurants and not from distributors or suppliers — focus on the poorest populations and the wealthier sector is not particularly interested in getting their products at a lower price. Second, because the type of products that GreenPrice focuses on are not essential— they are foods that are normally considered luxury and some other products such as cosmetics. Third, because young people do not seem to care too much about the high price of products.

• Suppliers, because it represents their only alternative, in addition to garbage dumps, to channel their products with dates close to expiration in a responsible manner, minimizing their monetary losses due to transportation, storage and disposal of these products — the GreenPrice initiative does not represent a risk for them because the project is still small and because the products it sells are not fixed, but depend on what suppliers provide it. In addition, some suppliers register their transfer of products to GreenPrice as part of their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programs. Moreover, the sale of these products through GreenPrice allows them to approach a population niche that will potentially continue to buy these products through conventional means.

  • The company was created in 2016 by business students of the University of Hong Kong — now 5 or 6 of them plus vendors —, who inspired by similar initiatives that operate in the United States, England and other countries, collaborate with companies and universities to develop their model and fulfill their mission to raise awareness among citizens about the misunderstanding that exists with the best before date labeling, ensuring a more efficient and ethical use of food resources (and less waste), and reducing the ecological impact that their production and waste generate. It does this by selling these products at low cost, which its members believe will help accelerate the impact of the government campaigns already undertaken to clarify the meaning of the labels for the public, since the main attraction for people seems to be the low cost of the products. “When people see that they sell products which best before date has already passed, they will begin to change their habits. This is how we support and accelerate the government’s educational campaign”, argues one of the creators of GreenPrice. For him, what the government should do is to prohibit suppliers from throwing away products whose expiration date has not yet arrived. But the government is slow, and it is that margin of time, in what the rules change, what GreenPrice uses to boost its project, giving consumers an alternative.

  • Following the English criteria to be recognized as a social enterprise (even if this modality of business is not officially recognized in Hong Kong), GreenPrice re-invests 70% of its profits in the growth of its initiative.

  • El [Esta/la iniciativa] es un negocio de hospedaje que fue creado por una familia de origen urbano en la sierra de Puebla, México, con dos fines: encontrar un modelo alternativo de existencia que les permitiese una mejor calidad de vida y ofrecer a los visitantes un espacio diferente tanto para descansar como para desarrollar sus proyectos personales.
    • [Esta/la iniciativa] busca:
  • Sustentarse (es ella y ya no trabaja en colaboración con equipo fijo), por eso ya sólo trabaja con OSC que puedan pagarle. 
    • Diferencia entre OSC y Empresas sociales es que las segundas no quieren vivir de donativos sino resolver problemas sociales mediante un esquema de negocio. “Hay sólo una delgada línea entre éstas y las empresas comunes, pues el mercado las orienta a privilegiar la ganancia”.

     

    • El [Esta/la iniciativa] es un negocio privado iniciado por X en 1960 cuya actividad económica principal, la venta de árboles de navidad, es complementada por una serie de programas que buscan promover la sensibilización y conservación ecológica, la educación ambiental y el desarrollo socioeconómico local. Ello le ha ganado varios premios por su contribución al desarrollo sustentable.

     

    • [Esta/la iniciativa] es hoy una marca registrada que tiene pensando constituirse como Sociedad Anónima Promotora de Inversión (S.A.P.I) para poder coordinar a una multiplicidad de socios (los sub-proyectos). [Esta/la iniciativa], A.C. está buscando ser donataria autorizada de manera que pueda otorgar deducibilidad de impuestos a [Esta/la iniciativa]. Es decir, se está buscando un sistema mixto que permita al proyecto apoyar sus objetivos sociales mediante actividades con ánimo de lucro.

     

    • [Esta/la iniciativa] es una iniciativa que reúne a varios proyectos que juntos buscan proporcionar “bienestar integral” a los usuarios en el espacio entre dos barrancas al sur de la Ciudad de México. De carácter privado y con fines de lucro, esta iniciativa cumple la función de un “Hub” o incubadora de ideas y proyectos. En el terreno actual, de una hectárea, se hospedan varios proyectos de producción de alimentos, educación, salud, deporte y cultura, todos los cuales deben ser negocios financieramente autosustentables. En lugar de una renta fija, cada proyecto paga a [Esta/la iniciativa] un porcentaje de sus ingresos que varía según el acuerdo establecido al inicio de la colaboración.