♣ Emprendimiento

"♣": Estrategias específicas empleadas por los estudios de caso para incrementar su nivel de auto-sustentabilidad.Pueden estar en inglés o español. Por favor usa el traductor del menú lateral 

"♣": Specific strategies used by the case studies to increase their degree of self-sustainability.They might be in English or in Spanish. Please use the side menu translator
  • La sobreexplotación de estos últimos condujo a la creación de la Reserva de la Biósfera de Los Tuxtlas en 1998, que reforzó significativamente las regulaciones a las actividades ganaderas y extractivas en la zona, afectando las oportunidades económicas de un sector importante de la población. Es en este contexto que varios habitantes locales se vieron forzados a emigrar y otros a explorar actividades económicas alternativas, entre las cuales fue tomando terreno el ecoturismo campesino comunitario.

  • A la fecha, la iniciativa ha permitido a las comunidades campesinas locales encontrar o generar sus propios empleos prestando servicios turísticos para los miles de visitantes que llegan a la localidad, como resultado de su especial valor geológico y cultural (hospedaje, guía, transportación, alimento, etc). 

  • La Granja [Esta/La iniciativa]  fue la primera granja en implementar el modelo de Agricultura Sostenida por la Comunidad (CSA) en China, un modelo de agricultura sustentable que ha inspirado la implementación de más de 500 granjas y forjado actitudes de emprendimiento en varios de sus participantes (voluntarios, residentes, etc) — creando, como lo sugiere Baizigui, encargado del área de comunicación, conciencia dentro de la comunidad con respecto a “la agricultura orgánica, así como a la educación recreativa y sobre la naturaleza y sobre el papel del modelo de jardín público”.

  • The Sustainable Entrepreneurship Program, for example, implements demonstrative initiatives for resources’ management and the acquisition of legal certifications to increase family income generation, increase food security, and reduce the impact on the environment, as socioeconomic strategic components to improve the quality of life, environmental conservation, and regional development (e.g. the communitarian ecotourism or the crafts production with local forest’s resources).

  • the [This/the initiative] could profit by innovating new means to motivate local production and vocational trainings to create long-term economic autonomy both for the people and for the progam.
  • the option of creating local entrepreneurship initiatives (like[This/the initiative] ’s communitarian ecotourism) that provide children with future options for employment, help the organization to disseminate its programs abroad, and function as parallel enterprises that not only incorporate Night Schools’ alumni into the local economy but help in the funding of the Night Schools. If programmed well, this specialized tourism could also help to diversify the Night Schools’ funding sources.
  • One of the main initiatives within this program is the Sustainable Entrepreneurship Program. It responds to the fact that the Amazonian communities live in an extremely vulnerable region where land occupation and resources mismanagement are the prevailing practices.
  • [This/the initiative] promotes that enterprises invest in opening local cooperatives where an agreement is made with the participants that they will take care of their families and communities (e.g. bring their children to school) provided that a job is being offered to them and that there is already a buyer for their products (with fair prices). The cooperative’s surpluses are used to reinvest in the cooperative, cover the organization’s operation costs, pay the salaries of the cooperative’s employees, and invest in the community – e.g. on one of the NGO’s initiatives in that same community. With such a model, enterprises benefit with tax deductions (Corporate Social Responsibility) and ensure suppliers. The community, on the other hand, benefits by settling cooperatives that stimulate local production, promoting employment to the families, and reducing migration rates to the cities (as happens with the[This/the initiative] and the[This/the initiative] Project). It also benefits from the agreement made with the participants about taking care of their families and communities, and from the investment that is done of the surpluses into initiatives that help improve its overall living conditions.
  • Other strategies are specifically addressed to avoid creating dependency relations. In concrete, the community sponsorship programs are intended for a specific target: ensure the community’s self-sustainability in an agreed period of time. The money to find the partner enterprise comes from [This/the initiative] ’s main office and it is recovered from the money the enterprise provides in the sponsorship budget. [This/the initiative] is an officially registered civil organization and each of its local offices is an officially registered civil organization as well, and not a part of [This/the initiative] ’s main office. So the budget goes to increasing the community’s Civil Association’s self-sustainability through capacity building programs (training them on getting funds, managing programs, establishing cooperatives, increasing social participation, etc.). The enterprise and [This/the initiative] make an agreement where the local Civil Association (the community organized) ensures results in a certain period of time (10, 20 years), and if there are not results (periodical evaluations are made) the funding is stopped. In short: the partnership contemplates an Exit Plan for both the enterprise and the [This/the initiative] d’s main office with the intention of ensuring a decentralized development program
  • Articulates different initiatives (e.g. people from the craft program receive tourists from the eco-tourism program and incentivize the territorial management organization; the renewable energy program provides energy to the Telecenters; the education program supports health prevention participative activities and environmental endeavours, etc.).